International Journal of Scientific Research and Management <h2><strong>International Journal of Scientific Research and Management </strong></h2> <p>IJSRM is a online&nbsp;open&nbsp;access journal that publishes articles in the field of&nbsp;Computer Science, Engineering, medical science, social science, economics, clinical research, mathematics, education,&nbsp;bio science, science, Management&nbsp;&amp; Arts . It is an international journal to encourage research&nbsp;publication to&nbsp;research&nbsp;scholars, academicians,&nbsp;professionals and students engaged in their respective field. The journal also provides an international forum to disseminate their knowledge.</p> <p>Our mission is to advance research by working to develop and maintain competence, ethics and integrity and the highest professional standards in the specialty for the benefit of the public. The Faculty seeks, through its activities, to bring about an improvement in research of the public.</p> <p><strong>Editorial Policy</strong></p> <p>Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to the instructions given in the authors' guidelines. Manuscripts which do not conform to the format and style of the Journal may be returned to the authors for revision or rejected. The Journal reserves the right to make any further formal changes and language corrections necessary in a manuscript accepted for publication so that it conforms to the formatting requirements of the Journal.</p> <p><strong>Important notice</strong></p> <p>Authors can now directly send their manuscript as an email attachment to;</p> <p>All manuscripts are subject to rapid peer review. Those of high quality (not previously published and not under consideration for publication in another journal) will be published without delay. First-time users are required to register themselves as an author before making submissions by signing up the author registration form at journals website</p> <p>With the online journal management system that we are using, authors will be able to track manuscripts progress through the editorial process by logging in as author in authors Dashboard.</p> <p><strong>Top Reasons for publication with us</strong></p> <p><strong>Quick Quality Review:</strong>&nbsp;The journal has strong international team of editors and reviewers, Rapid Decision and Publication</p> <p><strong>Very Low Publication Fees:</strong>&nbsp;Comparable journals charge a huge sum for each accepted manuscript. IJSRM only charge the fees necessary to recoup cost associated with running the journal</p> <p><strong>Areas Covered:</strong>&nbsp;Multidisciplinary</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> IJSRM Publisher en-US International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2321-3418 Assessing Senior High School Science Students’ Planning Skills In Selected Topics From The Integrated Science Syllabus <p>The study was conducted to assess Senior High School Science Students’ proficiency level in planning practical activities for ‘Test of Practical’ with selected topics from the Integrated Science syllabus. A total of 180 respondents (90 male and 90 females) out of a population of 1029 were sampled from three senior high schools in the Municipal Education, Offinso. Computer generated random numbers were used to randomly select 30 males and 30 females from each school in the municipality. The study employed the performed task instrument. Three tasks on planning were developed with their scoring formats and scoring details. Task A was on ‘distillation’. Task B on ‘density’ and task C on ‘osmosis’. A pilot test was conducted in one of the seniorhigh technical schools in the Atwima Nwabiagya District Educationand the response dichotomously scored, internal reliabilityof the various tasks was assessed using Kuder Richardson 20. The reliability of the various tasks obtained were task A, (0.731); B, (0.945); and C, (0.86). the data obtained for the actual study were statistically analyzed using descriptive, (percentages and means) inferential statistics (Independent t-test and Analysis of variance(ANOVA)). The students exhibitedhigh proficiency on the planningskills. There were many similarities between the performances of female and male students of the various schools. The performance of students of school A were statistically significantly different fromschools B and C on task B. from the major findings of this study, it is recommended that ‘Test of Practical’ questions should be related to&nbsp; real life situations</p> Anna M. Naah Bilatam Peter Mayeem Augustine Adjei Aquinas Ossei-Anto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 6 11 2018-721-778 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.el01 The Use of Communication and Information Technology Innovation Among Micro, Small And Medium Enterprises <p>Innovation has significantly contributed to the transformation of organizations. The current research aims to determine the level innovation of communication and information technology that was employed by micro, small and medium sized corporations. The research respondents consisted of 100 micro, small and medium corporations, who were registered as active operated in the Industry, Trade and Cooperatives Office of Yogyakarta Municipality, Indonesia. The findings of this research demonstrated that micro, small and medium sized corporations innovated by employing communication and information technology in the operation of their businesses. The research discovered that 93% of the MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) promoted their products using the internet, while 86% viewed innovation to be an important facet of their business. Furthermore, the smartphone was utilized by 100% of the MSMEs, to support the operations of their businesses.</p> Ika Nurul Qamari Retno Widowati PA Fauziyah . Femi Kurnia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 6 11 2018-320-326 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.sh01 Climate Change: An Emerging Threat To Nigeria’s National Security <p>Current and past realities in Nigeria's national security resonates a dominance as well as a reoccurrence of newly emerging and non-conventional security challenges as threats to public safety and stability in the country, despite a seeming propensity to concentrate on traditional and military threats. The attention garnered is enormous within and outside Nigeria following the constant danger to lives and order and other varying forms of social disruptions including heavy casualties. This research delves into a salient aspect of these new and emerging threats: Climate change. It finds that climate change is the most formidable threat security in Nigeria in recent time and going into the future; human and state alike. In addition to having a broader impact radius; including a high vulnerability as well as low adaptiveness among citizens being a developing country, the effects of climate change on the Nigerian society could be more destructive than analysts’ project meaning current impacts may yet be minimal. Hence drawing a critical need for immediate response and action. The paper submits that the attempt to contain this rising threat must incorporate higher securitization of the threat and its various forms; investment into public sensitization on the phenomenon; a general capacity building on alertness and crisis response system as well as general adaptivity to harsh outcomes of climate change. This piece equally enjoins a general shift in attitude together with the total reform of the Nigerian security structure to comprise and target threats to human security especially.</p> Tochukwu Nwauba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-15 2018-11-15 6 11 2018-327-337 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.sh02 Collaborative Governance In Household Handling <p>This study will examine and analyze collaborative governance processes as the basis for the formation of collaboration and the factors that influence collaborative governance in the handling of uninhabitable house. The research method used is a qualitative approach and the type of research is action research, known as participatory action research (PAR). Basically, PAR is a research that actively involves all relevant parties (stakeholders) in assessing actions or interactions between organizations in order to make changes and improvements in a better direction. Data collection is done by participant observation, interviews, and document search. Data analysis technique is an interactive analysis which includes the stages of data reduction, data presentation and data verification / drawing conclusions.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Moreover, the results of the study, the process of collaborative governance in the handling of uninhabitable houses in Kolaka and North Kolaka Districts was carried out through formal mechanisms and informants, including (1) dialogue between actors: the stage of formal and informal dialogue between actors. Formally, the dialogue&nbsp; was through a joint forum by forming housing and settlement areas (POKJA PKP). While not formally planning and implementing the handling of uninhabitable houses puts forward deliberation (2) builds consensus: the actors involved have responsibilities that have been decided together. Furthermore, the regional government prepares the budget through the APBD and the Housing and Settlements Agency as the executor and the person in charge of the program. The village / kelurahan government is involved in data collection and verification of uninhabitable houses. The private sector is involved in the supply of building materials and the community participates in the form of willingness to become labor and readiness to provide materials. (3) commitment to goals: this phase describes the recognition of actors involved in collaboration to be responsible for solving public problems. The realization of this commitment is the implementation of the program with a participatory approach. Meanwhile, the factors that influence collaborative governance are: (1) leadership, (2) communication, (3) commitment, and (4) common vision.</p> Abdul Sabar Sabaruddin Achmad Lamo Said ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-15 2018-11-15 6 11 2018-338-344 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.sh03 The Effect of wall on subsonic non-circular jets <p><em>The present experimental study aims at characterizing the mixing characteristics of subsonic elliptic and rectangular orifice jets (V<sub>e</sub> = 51 m/s) in the presence of wall of different surface roughness, namely smooth, fine and coarse, placed parallel to the jet axis at the edge of the orifice exit. The wall of length 120 cm of different surface roughness was oriented either parallel to the minor axis plane or major axis plane if the orifice. The wall had a strong effect on the mixing characteristics of elliptic and rectangular jets. The centerline velocity measurement showed that the potential core of elliptic and rectangular orifice jets was around 3D<sub>e</sub> and 3.5D<sub>e</sub>. For both jets, all the wall configurations retarded the mixing of jet with the ambient fluid only in the characteristic decay zone but not in the core and fully developed zones. The level of mixing retardation was found to be maximum when wall was placed parallel to the major axis plane of the jet. The effect of wall on jet mixing was intense for rectangular jet compared to elliptic jet.</em></p> Bhatia Devansh Pradeep Imanbir Singh Sonam Eden Bhutia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 6 11 2018-107-115 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.ec01 Effect of Aluminum Oxide Nanoparticles Films Thickness on Optical Properties <p>The aluminum oxide (Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3)</sub> nanoparticles thin <sub>&nbsp;</sub>films has been prepared via UV-irradiation methods using metal salts (aluminum nitrate Al(NO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>3</sub>) with different&nbsp; thickness (150 , 200, 300 , and 400) and measuring structural and optical properties.</p> <p>The structure of the (Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) nanoparticles thin films was tested with X-Ray showed that have six main diffraction features corresponding to (111), (311), (222), (400), (511) and (440) planes . The results of atomic force microscopy ( AFM )&nbsp; indicated that all films have grain size about 25.97-65nm .</p> <p>The optical band gap energy was decreased by the increase of thickness from (5.19-4.68) eV then used aluminum oxide as gas sensor.</p> I.H. Hilal H. l. Abdullah A. M. Ibraheem ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-03 2018-11-03 6 11 2018-116-119 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.ec02 Wells Turbine for Wave Energy Conversion <p>Wells turbine has innate drawbacks in examination with customary turbines: relative low productivity at high stream coefficient and poor beginning attributes. To take care of these issues, the creators propose Wells turbine with promoter turbine for wave vitality transformation, keeping in mind the end goal to enhance the execution in this examination. This turbine comprises of three sections: a huge Wells turbine, a little drive turbine with settled guide vanes for wavering wind current, and a generator. It was guessed that, by coupling the two hub stream turbines together, pneumatic vitality from swaying wind current is caught by Wells turbine at low stream coefficient and that the drive turbine gets the vitality at high stream coefficient. As the initial step of this examination on the proposed turbine topology, the executions of turbines under unfaltering stream conditions have been explored tentatively by demonstrate testings. Moreover, we gauge mean productivity of the turbine by semi relentless examination.</p> John Mbabajende Zhou Sizhu Hua Jian ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-09 2018-11-09 6 11 2018-120-126 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.ec03 Management of indicators of loss and dilution in a mining activity <p>Mining assets are unrepeatable and an important source for the development of a country. Their industrial exploitation is based on mining, metallurgical, economic, environmental, and state social factors. Mining factors such as production capacities, mining costs and the realization of indicators of loss and dilution are the determinants of the success of a mining activity. The value of a mining project, which is based on limited reserves, is very sensitive to loss indicators and dilution, as each lost tonnage of minerals affects the value of the resources. In this article, we will discuss the degree of impact of the above factors, while paying attention to achieving the most optimal indicators of loss and dilution. In mining activities with limited reserves and where the value of a mineral tone extracted from the ground is high, is required to increase the extract / loss ratio and maintaining a fair ratio between the indicators of loss and dilution</p> Skender Bashkim Lipo Nevina Polo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-06 2018-11-06 6 11 2018-01-06 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i11.gm01