International Journal of Scientific Research and Management https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm <h2><strong>International Journal of Scientific Research and Management </strong></h2> <p>IJSRM is a online&nbsp;open&nbsp;access journal that publishes articles in the field of&nbsp;Computer Science, Engineering, medical science, social science, economics, clinical research, mathematics, education,&nbsp;bio science, science, Management&nbsp;&amp; Arts . It is an international journal to encourage research&nbsp;publication to&nbsp;research&nbsp;scholars, academicians,&nbsp;professionals and students engaged in their respective field. The journal also provides an international forum to disseminate their knowledge.</p> <p>Our mission is to advance research by working to develop and maintain competence, ethics and integrity and the highest professional standards in the specialty for the benefit of the public. The Faculty seeks, through its activities, to bring about an improvement in research of the public.</p> <p><strong>Important notice</strong></p> <p>Authors can now directly send their manuscript as an email attachment to editor@ijsrm.in&nbsp;</p> <p>All manuscripts are subject to rapid peer review. Those of high quality (not previously published and not under consideration for publication in another journal) will be published without delay. First-time users are required to register themselves as an author before making submissions by signing up the author registration form at journals website</p> <p>With the online journal management system that we are using, authors will be able to track manuscripts progress through the editorial process by logging in as author in authors Dashboard.</p> IJSRM Publisher en-US International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2321-3418 Effect of Organo-mineral Fertilization on the Growth, Yield and Economic Profitability of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Eastern DRC https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2011 <p>In the face to low fertility existing in tropical soils, farmers in the Eastern Congo need cost-effective Soil Fertility Management (SFM) technologies to address the problem of low crop yields, which are particularly pronounced in grain legumes. This study assessed the financial returns associated with different SFM trials conducted on common bean grain in eastern Congo. Benefit-cost ratio analysis based on experimental data identified organic and mineral fertilizer technologies for common bean production. Two fields experiment were conducted at the Crop Research (INERA/Mulungu) and Walungu district (Ikoma). The experimental design was split plot with four replications. The main plot was the different time of application (2, 3 and 4 weeks after sowing) and the sub plot were the organic and inorganic fertilizers (40 N kg ha<sup>-1</sup>, 60 P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> ha<sup>-1</sup> and 5 t Fumier ha<sup>-1</sup>) compare to an absolute control (0:0 N:P kg ha<sup>-1 </sup>and 0 t manure ha<sup>-1</sup>). The RWR21-54 was the variety used. N was applied as urea, P was applied as triple superphosphate (TSP) and organic fertilizer was applied as cow manure. Plant height was significantly (p&lt;0.05) influenced by N and P application in the two locations throughout the growing season. N, P and manure application significantly (p&lt;0.05) increased total dry matter (TDM, kg ha<sup>-1</sup>), nodulation and leaf area (LA) of both locations in late vegetative and reproductive stages. Kabare site consistently had higher TDM and LA compared to Walungu site throughout the growing season. Average seed yield in fertilized plot was 2 times higher than the control (averaged over all N, P and manure levels) in both experiments. The highest seed yield was obtained with with 40:60 N:P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> kg ha<sup>-1</sup> and&nbsp; 5 t ha<sup>-1 </sup>fertilization (1781.23 kg ha<sup>-1</sup> «Kabare» and&nbsp; 1641.39 kg ha<sup>-1 </sup>«Walungu») which was not economic dose. Significantly higher net returns (1637.50 ha<sup>-1</sup>«Kabare» and 1641,67 kg ha<sup>-1 </sup>«Walungu») and its benefits cost ratio (2.82 «Kabare» and 2.87 «Walungu») were also obtained with application of 60 P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> kg ha<sup>-1</sup> in the both locations.</p> Chakirwa, Z.P Murhi, M.I. Aksanti, K.C Masirika, F.C. Banyanga, N.E Lubobo, A.K Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 7 07 2019-1218-1231 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.em01 The Role of Project Management in the success of Small Businesses https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2285 <p>This paper shows the importance and effect of project management on the successes of the small business project. Additionally, the key factors that lead to the success and make the project to reach the planned target, as well as to the continued successes of the project life through studying the development of project management history and highlights what can lead to this successes for the projects in the small business. The competitive in the market is very difficult to survive, but it is obvious that big dreams start from small steps.</p> Bazhar Abdulrahman Kahi Abdal Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-16 2019-07-16 7 07 2019-1232-1237 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.em02 Adoption of open innovation: Evidence from SMEs in Ghanaian Hospitality Industry https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2264 <p>The objective of the study was to analyze the determinants of open innovation adoption among the Ghanaian hospitality SMEs. A cross‐sectional survey using a 5‐point Likert scale questionnaire was used to randomly collect data from 530 managers within the hospitality industry in Ghana. Using SmartPLS software 3.2.8 to analyze primary data, the results show that all six determining factors have a significant impact on open innovation adoption in the hospitality industry. Specifically, competition, human skills, managerial style and IT infrastructure have a positive and significant relationship with open innovation adoption. However, cost and cultural factors had a negative but significant influence on open innovation adoption. The study also provides managers with practical ways of adopting open innovation in the Ghanaian hospitality industry.</p> Tian Hongyun William Adomako Kankam Isaac Gumah Akolgo Florence Appiah-Twum Shuja Iqbal Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-18 2019-07-18 7 07 2019-1238-1253 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.em03 To Evaluate The Effectiveness of Deep Breathing Exercises on Menopausal Symptoms Among Menopausal Mothers In Selected Community Area, Mangaluru https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/1944 <p>An Interventional study was conducted to identify the effect of deep breathing exercises on menopausal symptoms among menopausal mothers in community area,Mangalore. Quasi Experimental time series Design was adopted for the present study.A purposive sample of 60 mothers were selected and assigned randomly to Experimental Group and Control Group. The base line data was collected from&nbsp; the mothers and menopausal symptoms was assessed by using Menopausal Rating Scale.Deep breathing exercises was taught to the mother who belongs to Experimental Group .The menopausal rating scale was assessed for both the control group and Experimental Group.The result revealed that there is a significant reduction in menopausal symptoms in menopausal mothers after performing Deep breathing exercises in the Experimental Group.</p> Amitha Mohan Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-06 2019-07-06 7 07 2019-201-204 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.mp01 Evaluation of Baseline Hematologic Parameters of Steady State Sickle Cell Disease Patients at The Chantal Biya’s Foundation, Yaounde- Cameroon https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2277 <p>Introduction</p> <p>Sickle cell disease is a genetic abnormality involving the hemoglobin. Although it is primarily a red blood cell disorder, the white blood cells and platelets are also affected by the mutation. The consequence hemoglobin S causing polymerization of hemoglobin, results in hemolysis and anemia. This study aims to provide baseline hematologic parameters in steady state sickle cell disease patients compared with the reference values of normal healthy subjects used at the Chantal Biya Foundation (CBF), in order to monitor other sicklers in Cameroon.</p> <p>Methodology</p> <p>A comparative analysis of sickle cell hematologic parameters with control hematologic parameters of normal healthy subjects (reference values of healthy subjects used at the Chantal Biya Foundation) was carried out.</p> <p>Results</p> <p>A total of 62 sickle cell disease patients in steady state who complied with the selection criteria were recruited. Of the 62, 29 were females and 33 were males. The age range was from 1 year to 19 years and an average age of 6 ± 4.19 SD. Results from sickle cell patients showed an increase in white blood cells (WBCs), neutrophils and lymphocytes and a great decrease in the mean values of hematocrit Hct. as well as RBC indices, but no great or slight difference in the values of basophils compared with the reference values of normal healthy subjects in the CBF Yaoundé, 2015.</p> <p>Conclusion</p> <p>Sickle cell disease patients in steady state have lower values of red cells parameters, but higher values of white cells and platelets count when compared with the reference values of normal healthy subjects used at the Chantal Biya Foundation.</p> Bih Adelaide Ngala Solange Mudih Alima Yanda Akaba Fergus Ambe Jutcha Florent Ingrid Sulem - Yong Worti Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-12 2019-07-12 7 07 2019-205-210 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.mp02 Pregabalin Abuse in between Jordanian youths need to concern https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2280 <p>Pregabalin is a medication used extensively in neurosurgery and mental health care as it is sometimes used in primary health care in medical conditions but is increasingly reported as a potential increase of use leads to misuse and abuse. The fact, increase both levels of abuse and death; along with the growing non-medical use through black market have been reported in Jordan.</p> Dr. Maxim A. Obiesat Dr. Muath F. Marashdeh Dr. Arafat K Al-Zoubi Dr. Malik M. Al-Alwan Dr. Raya T. Al-Odat Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 7 07 2019-2011-213 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.mp03 Contribution of modern social networks in building social integration in public Universities in Uganda https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2278 <p>The study investigated the Contribution of modern social networks in building social integration in five public Universities in Uganda with a target population of 266 students’ groups. It employed multi-stage sampling technique, comprising of purposive and simple random sampling to select 57 students’ groups with a total of 456 respondents. Data collection tools comprised of questionnaires and interview schedules. The findings indicate that the most interrogating issue was that a majority of the respondents revealed that social media has negative effects on social integration. The results revealed that unity among students enables them acquire a sense of belonging as a body of students, hence enhancing social cohesion within the social groups. WhatsApp was ranked at position one with a mean grade of 1.17 with the percentage of 86.1% ranking it at first position. It was closely followed by Facebook with rank two with a mean grade of 1.66 with 38.5% ranking it at second position</p> <p>The study therefore recommends universities’ administration to formulate accommodative policies that properly regulate the use of social network platforms. The study also recommended public universities to strengthen organs and institutions that deal with proper management of social networks in their instructions.</p> Peter Nareeba Dr. Anthony Ichuloi PhD Prof. Edmond Were PhD Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 7 07 2019-501-507 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.sh01 The study of association between the companies market value and the oil and gas reserve value https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2284 <p>This research investigates the relationship between oil and gas reserves value and oil and gas company's market value by using samples of oil and gas companies which internationally base from 2007 to 2011. Additionally, in order to find the overall relationship between oil and gas reserves and the company’s market value, this research has found the average value of oil and gas reserves in the year and then used the calculated market value which has been calculated by the researcher (cohort study). To find the individual association between oil and gas reserves value and oil and gas market value, this research has found the correlation by using excel spreadsheet and used the annual amount of oil and gas reserves then multiplied by annual averages of oil and gas prices (panel study). Additionally, in order to find the relationship between oil and gas reserves and company’s market value, this research has found the allocated companies' market value. The overall result of this research shows there is a positive relationship between oil and gas reserves value and oil and gas company's market value. Besides, for the individual relationship between oil and reserves value and oil and gas company's market value, the result was different from company to company and the difference can be there depending on the company reserves amount, companies' strategies toward reserves disclosure and the company size.</p> Bazhar Abdulrahman Kahi Ilham Abdal Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 7 07 2019-508-518 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.sh02 A Comparison between the Empirical and Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Methods https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2255 <p>In this paper a comparative study has been carried out between the Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Methods and the Empirical Pavement Design Methods. For the purpose of this paper, nine pavement design sections have been prepared using the Mechanistic-Empirical Methods represented by the Asphalt Institute Design Method (SW-1 software of the Asphalt Institute) and the Empirical Design represented by AASHTO 1993 and TRL Road Note No.31, using the same traffic loading and subgrade strength. Three traffic loading scenarios have been considered for this study.</p> <p>(Key words: Mechanistic-Empirical, Empirical, axle loads, Subgrade Strength, pavement design)</p> Dr. Mohammed Shallal Elsir Suliman Ahmed Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 7 07 2019-261-267 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.ec01 Numerical Study of Sediment Flow Over Bottom Intake Racks With Flow-3D https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2271 <p>Bottom intakes are the most useful structure for diverting the flow of steep rivers and providing specific amount of water for hydropower usage. It is crucial to obtain optimum of physical parameters in order to divert desired discharge with minimum possibility of occlusion. Numerical models can simulate flow and turbulence transport equations at any complex geometries. Numerical methods based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), are one of the most common methods of numerical simulation that is used in water structures. According to the capabilities of numerical methods, complex modes of flow field over bottom intakes can be analyzed. In the present study, Flow-3D software is used to investigate the experimental results of the previous researcher for sediment and clean water flow over bottom intake with circular bars numerically. This study is carried out in a total of 27 models for clean water and 9 models of sediment flow (Bed-Load) at different approaching flow conditions. Parameters of roughness, size of computational cell, turbulence transport equation, Bed Load Transport equation and bed load coefficient has been calibrated. Validation procedure proved that the accuracy and performance of numerical models appear to be acceptable for designing intake systems. For each test, the discharge coefficient is computed, then by using dimensional analysis, a dimensionless relation derived from the dependent and independent variables and compared with the measured discharge coefficient. Estimating the discharge coefficient by the proposed equation in clean water flow performed a mean error of 6.4 percent and for sediment flow led to a mean error of 4.3 percent.</p> Seyed Mahyar Zamanieh Shahri Seyed Alireza Khoshnevis Keivan Bina Seyed Armin Aboutalebi Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 7 07 /v7i7.ec02 /v7i7.ec02 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.ec02 The Role of Notary and PPAT in Making Inheritance Deed for Non-Muslim Heirs https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2265 <p>The problem of inheritance is still a complex matter in Indonesia. In general, the transfer of inheritance is carried out in several ways, namely inheritance, grant and will. Provisions regarding inheritance are regulated in the Civil Code, KHI and various jurisprudences which can be used as a foundation. In carrying out the distribution of inheritance is also inseparable from the role of Notary and PPAT which by Law Number 30 of 2004 concerning Notary Position and Government Regulation Number 37 of 1998 concerning PPAT Position Regulations, the regulation is given the authority to make deeds. The method used in the study is the empirical research method. In order to find out the position of non-Muslim heirs in Islamic inheritance, and to find out how the role of Notary and PPAT and the form of deed made in the distribution of the inheritance.</p> Adri Aulia Rahman Shalim HS Muhaimin Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-02 2019-07-02 7 07 2019-136-140 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.lla01 The Legal Conundrum Of Non-Interest Banking. A Case Study Of Islamic Bank In Nigeria. https://www.ijsrm.in/index.php/ijsrm/article/view/2263 <p>The issuance of license to Jaiz bank plc as the first full-flesh Islamic bank in Nigeria to carry on Non-interest banking has generated heated debate among scholars, jurist, religious leaders and public commentators in Nigeria. Chiefly among these debate borders on the constitutionality of Non-interest (Islamic) banking in Nigeria; whether or not Islamic banking is established with the aim of Islamizing the entire Nigeria and whether or not it is meant to discriminate against Non-Muslims in Nigeria. Consequently, this work seek to appraise the legal conundrum or constitutionality of Islamic banking in Nigeria with a view to ascertaining whether or not Islamic banking is meant to Islamize Nigeria or it is meant to discriminate against non-Muslims. However the outcome of this research article shows that Islamic (Non- interest) banking is constitutional and is not meant to discriminate against Non- Muslims or Islamize Non-Muslims. Rather with the practice of dual banking (interest and non interest banking) in Nigeria, Nigerians would have the advantage of having different credit choices, the Nigerian banking sector would be more competitive thus enhance quality services, creation of more employment opportunities and would give the Nigerian government the opportunity to secure non-interest loan from Islamic development fund available globally to finance infrastructural projects. This work further concludes that the major challenge this banking system is facing in Nigeria is lack of adequate awareness about the operation of the banking system and lack of robust legal framework to adequately regulate the system. It is therefore suggested that a more comprehensive legal framework should be enacted by the Nigerian National Assembly to appropriately regulate the non-interest banking sector as well as creation of more awareness about the operation of the system through the social media, town hall meetings, newspapers and radio commentaries.</p> Miebaka Nabiebu Michael Takim Otu Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 7 07 2019-141-152 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i7.lla02