International Journal of Scientific Research and Management <h2><strong>International Journal of Scientific Research and Management </strong></h2> <p>IJSRM is a online&nbsp;open&nbsp;access journal that publishes articles in the field of&nbsp;Computer Science, Engineering, medical science, social science, economics, clinical research, mathematics, education,&nbsp;bio science, science, Management&nbsp;&amp; Arts . It is an international journal to encourage research&nbsp;publication to&nbsp;research&nbsp;scholars, academicians,&nbsp;professionals and students engaged in their respective field. The journal also provides an international forum to disseminate their knowledge.</p> <p>Our mission is to advance research by working to develop and maintain competence, ethics and integrity and the highest professional standards in the specialty for the benefit of the public. The Faculty seeks, through its activities, to bring about an improvement in research of the public.</p> <p><strong>Editorial Policy</strong></p> <p>Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to the instructions given in the authors' guidelines. Manuscripts which do not conform to the format and style of the Journal may be returned to the authors for revision or rejected. The Journal reserves the right to make any further formal changes and language corrections necessary in a manuscript accepted for publication so that it conforms to the formatting requirements of the Journal.</p> <p><strong>Important notice</strong></p> <p>Authors can now directly send their manuscript as an email attachment to;</p> <p>All manuscripts are subject to rapid peer review. Those of high quality (not previously published and not under consideration for publication in another journal) will be published without delay. First-time users are required to register themselves as an author before making submissions by signing up the author registration form at journals website</p> <p>With the online journal management system that we are using, authors will be able to track manuscripts progress through the editorial process by logging in as author in authors Dashboard.</p> <p><strong>Top Reasons for publication with us</strong></p> <p><strong>Quick Quality Review:</strong>&nbsp;The journal has strong international team of editors and reviewers, Rapid Decision and Publication</p> <p><strong>Very Low Publication Fees:</strong>&nbsp;Comparable journals charge a huge sum for each accepted manuscript. IJSRM only charge the fees necessary to recoup cost associated with running the journal</p> <p><strong>Areas Covered:</strong>&nbsp;Multidisciplinary</p> IJSRM Publisher en-US International Journal of Scientific Research and Management 2321-3418 Factors That Account For Low Enrollment In Community-Based Senior High Schools In The Ashanti Region Of Ghana <p>The study was to explore the factors that account for low enrolments in senior high schools in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The purpose of the study was to investigate the factors that account for low enrolments in the community-based senior high school in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The purpose of the study was to investigate socio-economic factors, school related factors, geographical factors and individual characteristics that influence enrolments, participation, retention, attendance, progression and dropout in community-based senior high schools in Ashanti Region of Ghana. The purposive and quota sampling were used to select a sample size of 120 respondent make up of 10 heads, 10 Districts Directors of Education, 10 PTA chairmen and 90 parents of sampled schools. The instruments used to collect data from the respondents were the questionnaire for heads, structured interview guide for parents. PTA Chairmen and the District Directors of GES and observation guide on school building and furniture. The reliability co-efficient of the study was 0.82. The co-efficient is high enough and hence the items were deemed reliable for the study. Data were analysed by the use of frequencies, percentages and apparent cohort method. The finding of the study indicated that most of the sampled senior high schools do not have school bus to convey day students to and from schools. The sample senior high schools do not have workshops for all programmes, classrooms and standard science laboratories and science equipment to enhance academic work.</p> Denteh Raphael Samuel Dontoh Augustine Adjei Francis Kyei Badu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-02 2019-03-02 7 03 2019-877-919 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.el01 Postcolonial Identity Crisis in the Mimic Men a Novel by V.S.Naipaul <p>This paper investigates the concepts of Identity and estrangement in the postcolonial novel entitled The Mimic Men by V.S. Naipaul. In Naipaul’s The Mimic Men, Ralph Singh has showed different aspects that reflects his nature of a “prototypical colonial character” who is quite commonly estranged with the biased and pluralistic society he has inhaled most of his breaths in it. For Ralph, identity is a core issue that is depicted by his mimicry of European or Western views on different aspects of life. Also, Ralph’s self identification is in strong conflict with that of the Western world. For following the footsteps of colonialists, he has abandoned his home, family and even his self-identity only for the sake of mimicking the West. He has married an Englishwoman and has gone through formal education in the West. The alienation of his identity has resulted in the scattering of his personal being thereby leading towards vulnerability and corruption of his inner self.</p> Saman Abdulqadir Hussein Dizayi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-02 2019-03-02 7 03 2019-920-926 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.el02 The Level of Instructional Leadership Practices Among Principals of National Religious Secondary School in Malaysia <p>It is stated that Instructional leaders are responsible for making sure that positive attitude towards change is organised and created among members of the school. The study aimed to identify the level of Instructional Leadership practices among principals of the National Religious Secondary School in Malaysia. A total of 365 respondents from 57 National Religious Secondary Schools were selected by systematic random sampling method to answer the questionaires. Data is analyzed by using descriptive statistics identifying the mean, standard deviation and percentage to recognise the level. The result showed that the level of Instructional Leadership practices is significantly high (mean=3.85, s.d.=0.41).&nbsp;&nbsp; In conclusion, the study found that the level of Instructional Leadership Practices is high among the principals of the schools.&nbsp; The research implied that Instructional Leadership plays an important role and should be adopted by the principals and teachers of National Religious Secondary School to increase School Achievement.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; Instructional Leadership, Principals, National Religious Secondary School, School Achievement&nbsp; </strong></p> Samsiah binti Si-Rajab Prof. Madya Dr. Khalip bin Musa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 7 03 2019-927-939 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.el03 Teachers’ Perception of Parents' Involvement and Students' Performance in English in Rural Schools in Nakhonratchasima, Thailand <p>The involvement of parents in education within the past decade has been found to positively influence students’ performance. However, the relationships among variables involved are not well understood yet. This present study was conducted out to find the correlation between the extent of parents’ involvement in their children’s education and their level of satisfaction with students’ proficiency in English as a second language. Data were gathered with questionnaires. This study showed that when parents of ESL students are ‘often involved’ in their children’s education, they are likely to be ‘moderately satisfied’ with their children’s proficiency in English as a second language. For schools teaching ESL to improve students’ proficiency in English, one way to accomplish that is to ensure that parents are at least moderately involved in their children’s education.</p> McWinner Yawman Justice Appiah-Kubi Rachelle Gavino Jopet Solis ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-16 2019-03-16 7 03 2019-940-952 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.el04 Management Education in teaching and learning a Foreign Language, in particular English language <p>Brain is the most important part of the body in order to achieve goals. It’s important to have clear goals to clarify mind duty and tasks. It’s a difficult life to go on when you have many problems to face, but you can succeed if you make clear intention in what you do.</p> <p>Everything is to face life and find coherence in what you are able to do. Try to make a strategy list to find the right way to give the right time to every point and activity in your life.</p> <p>So you can find the explanation in neuroscience and quantum physic about all phenomena happen around you. Brain areas involve many processes as learning, memorization, in order to achieve better knowledge and skills in getting a foreign language. So brain working is related to neuropsychological research in order to explain process of learning a foreign language.</p> <p>All brain processes are connected with the central nervous system mechanisms that make working all the cerebral mechanisms used.</p> <p>A professional teacher knows how it works in mind process when he teaches a foreign language as English or. French or German or Russian etc</p> Stefania Allegra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-22 2019-03-22 7 03 2019-953-958 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.el05 Work Satisfaction In Compensation Mediation and Motivation on Productivity Permanent Employees of Pt. Sinergi Mitra Utama in Bandung <p>The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of compensation and motivation on job satisfaction and productivity of permanent employees at PT<strong>. Sinergi Mitra Utama </strong>in Bandung. This research is included in explanatory research. The population of this research is all permanent employees of the company PT<strong>. Sinergi Mitra Utama </strong>in Bandung, 35 employees. Based on predetermined criteria, the total sample of this study is 35 employees. Data analysis was done using path analysis. After analyzing data, several conclusions can be taken, that is : a). Work compensation has a significant direct effect on job satisfaction, b). Motivation has a significant positive effect on employee work productivity, c). Work compensation has a significant positive direct effect on job satisfaction, d). Motivation has a significant positive effect on employee job satisfaction, e). Job satisfaction has a significant positive effect on work productivity, f). Compensation affects work productivity through job satisfaction, g). work motivation has a significant positive effect on work productivity through job satisfaction.</p> Imelda Indrawati Syaifullah Purnamie Titisari Novi Puspitasari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-11 2019-03-11 7 03 2019-1031-1038 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.em01 Can Oxidative Stress Induced by Obstructive Jaundice be Improved by Iloprost? An Experimental Study in Rats <p><strong>Background/Aims</strong>: Iloprost is a synthetic analogue of epoprostenol which is synthesized by endotelial cells from arachidonic acid. We aimed to evaluate presumed hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of iloprost in experimentally created obstructive jaundice in rats.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: Thirty-two adult male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham group (S) (n=8); after sham operation, iloprost administered (SI) group (n = 8); obstructive jaundice (OJ) group (n=8); iloprost administered and obstructive jaundice group (OJI) (n=8). The rats were sacrified ten days after the induction of obstructive jaundice. Blood levels of isoprostane, protein carbonyl, lipid hydroperoxide and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Levels of the oxidative stress products including protein carbonyl [mean, (40.46 versus 24.7 nmol/ml, p=0.005)], lipid hydroperoxide [mean, (5.11 versus 1.85 Mmol/ml,p=0.001)] and 8-OHdG[mean, (1.53 versus 1.13 ng/ml, p=0.03)] in the OJI group were significantly lower than the OJ group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Iloprost supports antioxidant activity in obstructive jaundice without causing further liver damage in rats.</p> Onur Bayraktar Barış Bayraktar Ilknur Erenler ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-02 2019-03-02 7 03 2019-132-138 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.mp01 GAS Political public space in the satire theatre case study on the performance eyayu fenges” Ethiopian satire theater <p><strong><em>Abstract፡ </em></strong>This article aims to describe about the techniques of make understanding for the space of audience or target group in the satire drama in the stage. The researcher would watch the theater in YouTube and in the stage and also read the script which written by <em>Bereket Belayneh</em> in the type of satire drama, its function in terms of political and social issues. In the addition to the above mentioned these script and play must show the use of satire for political and social criticism for the audience clearly with easy understanding. The other thing that plays show transmitted of the message to the higher officials in the comic entertaining way to the audience of the satire drama. Besides techniques, purpose and different features of satire has investigated from the relevant references. Its researcher mainly has shown the technique of making understand for the audience that have been watched the satire theater on the stage. <em>Bereket Belayneh and Girum Zenebe Eyayu fenges</em> Ethiopian Satire Theater focusing on political satire to find the satire and comic elements used in the humor in order to ridicule the political evils and suggest solutions with in artistically color. The primary sources of this article are <em>Bereket Belayneh and Girum zenebe Eyayu fenges</em> Ethiopian Satire Theater. It’s have used as methodology a qualitative descriptive analysis and have use the document study which is that in library, research digital media sites and the relative relevant materials.</p> Girmaw Ashebir Sinshaw Drs. Sumaryadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-02 2019-03-02 7 03 2019-428-430 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.sh01 Looking for Employees Efficiency? Change the System through Value Stream Mapping <p>Inefficiency’ is considered as a buzz word with regard to the administration system of government organisations (ASGO) in Sri Lanka.&nbsp; Within a context of increasing annual budgetary allocation in each year, the universities are equipped with modern facilities such as information technology and continuously doing researches in different levels, conduct workshops to train employees and continuously recruit educated people. As like as the other government sectors, government universities experience inefficiency in different levels and different volumes. The inefficiency of ASGO in Sri Lanka would negatively impact on the brand identity of each organization and this study aimed to develop an efficient leave management process (LMP) for the government-university system in Sri Lanka. The key objective of the study was to propose a process map with lesser lead time instead of existing LMP of the university. The specific objectives were to recognize the existing LMP, to measure the lead time of the existing LMP, to understand the existing rules and procedures belong to leave management process and to measure the lead time of the proposed leave management process. Sample data were collected from the existing leave management process of the university in the last three years and simple statistical tools such as mean values and percentage values were associated in the analyzing process of the study. The results showed that there was a waste due to unnecessary processes and practices in the existing process and therefore it leads to inefficiency. The proposed Value Stream Map (VSM) shows lesser lead time to improve the efficiency of the LMP and then the efficiency in ASGO.</p> Jayantha K. Tharangani D. P. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-07 2019-03-07 7 03 2019-431-439 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.sh02 Study on Relationship between Recruitment and Selection and Employee Performance in Technical Training Institutes in Kenya <p>The purpose of the study was to establish the relationship between Recruitment and Selection and the employee performance in Technical Institutes in Kenya. Human resource is an important corporate asset and the overall performance of company depends on the way it is put to use. In order to realize company objectives, it is essential to recruit people with requisite skills, qualification and experience and while doing so Human Resource Managers need to keep present and future requirements of organization in mind. The technical training institutes have in the recent past, faced transformation, expansion, conversions/upgrading and competition from other service delivery organizations. The objective was be to find out the relationship between recruitment and selection, and employee performance in technical training institutes in Kenya. The research adopted both descriptive and correlational research designs and a mixture of an approach consisting of both qualitative and quantitative research methods. A sample size of three Technical Institutes in Kenya and comprising of 137 respondents was used. A linear regression analysis was used to explain the relationship between independent variables and dependent variable. The data was analyzed and presented using the statistical methods amongst them tables, bar graphs and pie charts. The results were used test and determine the relationship of the variables. The findings revealed that employee welfare and reward management had the greatest effect on performance. The findings of the research was that there was a significant positive relationship between recruitment and selection and employee performance.</p> Rose Syombua Matolo Prof. Mike Iravo Prof. Gichuhi A. Waititu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 7 03 2019-440-451 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.sh03 Effect of Employee Demographic Characteristics and Family/Work Conflict on Organizational Commitment Among the Police Officers in Nakuru County, Kenya. <p>This paper examines the demographic characteristics and related variables on family/work conflict among the Police Officers in Nakuru County, Kenya.&nbsp; The participants were from eight (8) Police Division and a simple random sample of 170 was derived from a total number of 278 Officers.&nbsp; The level of conflict that employees perceive between their working and personal lives on organizational commitment was based on their personal characteristics which included: gender, marital status, age, level of education, tenure and number of hours worked among the police officers. The report suggested that the biographical personal characteristics suggested that those who participated there were more male officers compared to the female gender. The results showed that more female police officers experienced more stress than men which spill into their work due to the multiple roles they play as wives, mothers, care givers, family career as well as employees.&nbsp; The results are discussed in terms of marital status, level of education, tenure of service and numbers of hours worked per day on how they influence organizational commitment among the police officers in Nakuru County, Kenya</p> Esther Wairimu Lekaram Dr. Dinah J. Kipkebut, DR. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-22 2019-03-22 7 03 2019-452-462 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.sh04 The Effect of Structural Skeleton on the Internal Architecture Space <p>The study investigates the architectural space and its definition and the stages of development of the architectural space according to the previous civilizations up to our current era and then defining the internal space and its determinants. A historical study of the space and its value as well as the elements of the internal architecture all, were discussed in this study. The construction, the constructional structure its characteristics were defined and the constituents of the building as well. In addition, identifying the types of buildings in terms of from their functional and constructional aspects, and then identifying the constructional materials used in the constructional skeleton and their impact on the constructional skeleton in the design from several aspects until reaching the internal space and the factors affecting it. The research problem and the research objectives were defined, which is coming to design solutions and interrelated constructions as well as designing the buildings in a manner that respects the environment, taking into consideration the financial cost of the building, while minimizing the effects of construction, all of which on the internal space. The most important findings of the study are that the elements of the interior space are all interconnected and cannot be separated from each other; this is in order to reach the appropriate visual formation of the space. The elements of the internal space of the building should be evaluated by specialists in this field, is a first step before studying the selection of the most appropriate constructional skeletons of the building, before preparing the new engineering drawings, and choosing the most proper ways to protect the constructional elements during the processing of internal space processing to ensure that the cost will not increase.</p> Adil. A. M. Elhassan, Rawan Mohamed Abdalla Awad alla ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-22 2019-03-22 7 03 2019-241-247 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.ec01 The Regional assessment of the implementation of wheat flour fortification in the Eastern Mediterranean Region <p><strong>Background</strong>: Wheat flour fortification is a preventive food-based approach aimed at reducing vitamin and mineral deficiencies or insufficiencies and their consequences. Fortification of industrially processed wheat flour, when appropriately implemented, is a simple, inexpensive and effective strategy for supplying vitamins and minerals to large segments of the world’s population.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong>:</p> <p>The main objective of the study was to assess the current state of wheat flour fortification in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, identify common challenges and lessons learned from country experiences, outline the latest guidance on best practices, and make recommendations to advance appropriate wheat flour fortification in the Region.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>:</p> <p>A questionnaire was designed to assess progress on the implementation of flour fortification in the Eastern Mediterranean Region according to key indicators. The questionnaire was circulated to the nutrition focal points within the Ministry of Health (MOH) in all countries of the Region. The data were extracted, analyzed and discussed in a regional Workshop organized by WHO in 2017.&nbsp; Data were verified or gaps were filled through other potential resources, such as MOH websites, WHO, World Bank, the Food Fortification Initiative and CDC.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>:</p> <p>The study shows that flour fortification has been widely used in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Most countries (17 of 22 in the Region) have some coverage of wheat flour fortified with iron and folic acid, and this is mandatory in 11 countries. Eight countries fortify flour with B-vitamins. Fortification with vitamin D, vitamin A and zinc is currently rare (two countries in each case). Quality control and monitoring of wheat flour is still a big challenge in all countries.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion and recommendations</strong>:</p> <p>Considerable progress has been made in tackling micronutrient deficiencies, and wheat flour fortification has contributed to this. However, given that micronutrient deficiencies persist in the Region further progress is needed. Furthermore, countries need to review their policies and practices to ensure that they are in line with WHO guidance on best practice and that wheat flour fortification is being appropriately implemented.</p> Ayoub Eid Al Jawaldeh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 7 03 2019-28-37 10.18535/ijsrm/v6i3.ft01 Legal rules to combat terrorism in Iraq <p>The phenomenon of terrorism is the most important challenge facing successive Iraqi governments after the events of 2003, the impact of the problem has increased due focus of the media in various aspects of the problem&nbsp; as it has become a threat to all humanity, the Intellectual extremism and religious extremism are among the most important sources of violence and terrorism, so the intellectual terrorism is being exploited by militant groups which committed the worst crimes by its name and turned from small groups into militias possessing heavy and sophisticated weapons.</p> <p>The Iraqi legislations related to the phenomenon of terrorism shows that Iraq has followed most of the national legislation of the countries around the world. So the Iraqi Constitution contained provisions prohibiting terrorism. and the Iraqi legislator also adopts the pro-Iraqi trend&nbsp; to issue a special and independent law, where the National Assembly issued the anti-terrorism law No. 13-2005). and followed by the legislator in Kurdistan of Iraq, where he issued a law against terrorism No.3- 2006.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Zeyad Tareq Ibrahim ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-22 2019-03-22 7 03 2018-13-18 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.lla01 Veterinary Drugs Found in Pharmacies in Turkey <p>In this study veterinary drugs in RxMediapharma<strong> ®</strong> 2017 which&nbsp; actively used in pharmacies in Turkey were scanned. These veterinary drugs offered for sale in pharmacies are given active substances, animals used, drug form, route of application, local or imported. According to this result, Ministry of Health Licensed 1; Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Licensed 56 local and 23 imported and a total of 79 veterinary drugs were detected. In addition, when the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Licensed drugs are grouped according to their pharmacological effects, it is determined that the licensed drug group which has the highest number with 43.75% is antibiotics. Although there are various studies concerning veterinary drug, İt is given as Turkey-scale all of these drugs has not been observed in an article expect e-data, and the data collected electronically, has been submitted to any scientific community. For this reason, it is thought that this study, which compiles veterinary drugs emphasizing therapeutic potential, will form the basis for future research.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dilsad Onbasli Gokcen YUVALI CELIK Ahmet CEYLAN Merve YUCETURK Azranur DAL ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 7 03 2019-01-11 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.vs01 Modern terrorism between US and Israeli targets and the weakening of the Arab world <p>The purpose of this study is to illustrate the phenomenon of modern terrorism between American and Israeli objectives and to weaken the Arab world. And the study focused on the central question: “How does America and Israel seek to weaken the Arab world through modern terrorism? “,This study answered the main question and the questions came out of it&nbsp; , and in this study we used analytical descriptive method , therefore we got several conclusions , and&nbsp; the important of these are, First , there is no clear and limit definition for terrorism , second , America and Israel used terrorism to achieve objectives in the region , Third , leave&nbsp; the region in permanent conflict to reach weakness state.</p> Younes Al-Jamra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-18 2019-03-18 7 03 2018-48-57 10.18535/ijsrm/v7i3.ps01